F-1 Practical Training

Students must NOT pursue any off-campus employment without proper authorization. Authorization must be received BEFORE beginning any off-campus work, internship, or related employment activity.  Pursuing off-campus employment activity without proper authorization could jeopardize the ability to complete your MIT academic program and any future US visas. 

Students who have been in F-1 visa status for 9 consecutive months may apply for employment related to their field of study through “practical training.” There are two kinds of Practical Training:

  1. Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  2. Optional Practical Training (OPT)

In addition, students who are currently on post-completion Optional Practical Training may be eligible for a STEM OPT Extension.

  1. STEM Optional Practical Training (STEM OPT)

The average processing time for Curricular Practical Training is 2 weeks. The average processing time for Optional Practical Training is 3 to 4 months.

OPT and STEM OPT Reporting Requirements

Students who are on an active and approved period of post-completion OPT and STEM OPT must fulfill reporting requirements.

  1. OPT Reporting Requirements
  2. STEM OPT Reporting Requirements
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